“There are troubling early signs that cocaine availability is on the rise in the US for the first time in nearly a decade.”
US State Department — February 2017
Since 2000, the US has sent Bogotá more than US $10 billion in counter-narcotics and security assistance through the infamous ‘Plan Colombia’. The result is nil. Colombia’s cocaine production has remained ‘more or less’ constant over the last two decades. Follow us on Twitter: @Intel_Today
According to a recent report, Colombia’s cocaine production is ‘up’. Let us be a bit skeptical about this kind of ‘news’. I will let you decide whether this is ‘Fake News’ or ‘Propaganda’?But I will argue that there is plenty of evidence that these statistics have been manipulated over the last 15 years to fit the ‘policy of the day’.
Truth being told, Colombia’s cocaine production has probably been very steady over the last twenty years and almost certainly much higher than reported by the UN and US institutions.
‘Plan Colombia’ has been a total failure. This is hardly a secret. The situation has been known to everyone paying attention for many years. I will not discuss in this post the many unsavory consequences of this policy: the ‘Paracos’, the ‘falsos Positivos’, the ‘ChuzaDAS’ scandal… I will just discuss the production of cocaine the plan was suppose to eradicate.
Well, obviously, that did not happen. And now, the US State Department is trying very hard to explain the “sudden coca-growing” binge by Colombian farmers.
The truth is that the US government has been playing the ‘Colombian’ statistics for years, partly to pretend the US was winning the ‘War on drugs”. And perhaps for other reasons…
According to the State Department…
The Farc rebels appear to have encouraged farmers in areas under their control to plant as much coca as possible in preparation for the end of the war, “purportedly motivated by the belief that … investment and subsidies will focus on regions with the greatest quantities of coca”.
At the same time, the Government reduced eradication in those areas “to lower the risk of armed conflict”. The Government also ended aerial spraying with herbicides in favour of manual eradication. But local farmers have blocked roads and found other ways to thwart the removal.
The final factor is the Government’s financial squeeze, “resulting in a 90 per cent reduction in the number of manual eradicators in 2016 as compared to 2008”.
The Truth about these Statistics
The official statistics about Colombia’s cocaine production should be taken with a ‘pinch of salt’. The estimate is very difficult to make. And these difficulties can be ‘exploited’ to fudge the numbers according to a political agenda.
Crash course — Roughly speaking, one must first estimate the amount of coca crop hectares in Colombia. (Keep in mind that depending on the location, the number of harvest per year may vary from two to six!)
The US government’s 2015 report estimates that Colombia’s coca cultivation amounted to about 159,000 hectares. This number is highly uncertain. Firstly, the satellite pictures must be corrected for the ‘clouds’ effect which is an important correction in areas where the coca is cultivated. Next, farmers have learned to cultivated small parcels of coca in the middle of legal crops and these cannot be detected by satellites.
Then, one has to analyze the estimates of coca to cocaine yield, which will — of course — depend on the exact variety of the coca plants and the location of these farms.
Colombian farmers have been crossing different strains of coca to get a variation that produces more cocaine hydrochloride.
Recently, most scientists estimate that Colombian producers can get at least 6 kilograms of cocaine from each hectare of coca. The US government use a very low — certainly unrealistic — yield of 2.6 kg per hectare.
The average true yield in Colombia is probably around 6 kg, and perhaps higher. (There has been — unconfirmed — rumors of bio-engineering…)
The ‘Official Reports’ are nonsense
A reasonable figure for the percentage of the drug volume intercepted by the Police is about 10%. And yet, we are supposed to believe that the Colombia counter-narcotic forces have intercepted in 2016 a volume that represents 50% of the 2015 production? (Remember that, unlike wine, cocaine does not age well….) That is simply not realistic.
Considering the fact that even a General who served as security chief for then Colombian President Alvaro Uribe is jailed in the US for his collaboration with a cocaine cartel, it would be amazing if the intercepts amount to even 10% of the total exportation. Obviously, the production must be much higher that officially reported by the UN and the US institutions.
Not convinced? Official reports usually value the cocaine market at about US$ 10 Billion per year. Again, this is hard to believe…
At the height of the 2008 banking crisis, Antonio Maria Costa — then head of the United Nations office on drugs and crime — said he had evidence to suggest:
“The proceeds from drugs and crime were the only liquid investment capital available to banks on the brink of collapse. Inter-bank loans were funded by money that originated from the drugs trade. There were signs that some banks were rescued that way.”
For the time period of 1 May 2004 through 31 May 2007, a single US bank (Wachovia)processed (i.e. laundered) more than US$ 400 Billion of cash linked to the Mexican and Colombian cartels. (The case never went to court. The bank paid a ridiculous fine: US$ 100 Million.)
‘GOSINT’ [Gossip Intelligence / Global Open Source Intelligence]
Here are a few simple — rounded — statistics regarding Colombia. About 100,000 families work approximately 100,000 hectares of coca crops (probably twice more).
Each hectare produces about 10 kg of PURE cocaine (perhaps a bit less) which is sold at around US$ 100 per gram of PURE cocaine (averaged over the world).
That is a business of US$ 100 billion per year. Now, THAT kind of money is plenty enough to buy a few US banks during a financial crisis.. But, let us keep this one for another post.
The far-right “Cocaine Coup” in South America, Nicaragua’s revolution, and Oliver North and the CIA’s special relationships with Manuel Noriega were exposed by journalist Robert Parry in 1985. Gary Webb renewed the allegations a decade later.
RELATED POST: Courier X: A puzzle with too many pieces.
According to American Journalist Robert Parry:
“The old conventional wisdom of this being a conspiracy theory survived even if the evidence is now incontrovertible. So even NARCOS wants to avoid the issue and pretends it did not happen.”
RELATED POST: The Real CIA NARCOS Story Netflix Ignored
RELATED POST: Juan Pablo Escobar: “My Father Worked for the CIA.”
‘NEW PROOF’: Pablo Escobar Worked For The CIA
“If you needed further evidence that the war on drugs was a nefarious government plan full of corruption then here it is: Pablo Escobar, one of the most well known drug lords in history was in cahoots with the CIA. Yeah.
Let THAT sink in for you. The late Colombian drug kingpin was paid by the CIA to pump cocaine into this country, according to his son.
What’s more, a former adviser to War on Drugs cheerleader Nixon admits who the “war” was meant to target all along.”
Is Colombia Again the World’s Top Cocaine Producer? — InSight Crime (2015)