Fake News & History in the Post-Truth Era — From the Korean War To The Havana Syndrome

“Falsehood flies, and truth comes limping after it, so that when men come to be undeceived, it is too late; the jest is over, and the tale hath had its effect: like a man, who hath thought of a good repartee when the discourse is changed, or the company parted; or like a physician, who hath found out an infallible medicine, after the patient is dead.”

Jonathan Swift — Anglo-Irish satirist (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745)

“The criterion for my judgment is not whether North Korea’s claim is correct or the American claim is right; the criterion is whether the incidents actually happened or not. I went to North Korea and met people who had suffered the effects of germ warfare. They told me their stories, shedding tears and grimacing with anger. They told me what actually happened and I cannot question that.”

Masataka Mori — Professor of history at Shizuoka University in Japan

“The history behind the Korean War, and U.S. military and covert actions concerning China, Japan, and Korea, are a matter of near-total ignorance in the U.S. population. The charges of “brainwashing” of U.S. POWs, in an ongoing effort to hide evidence of U.S. biological warfare experiments and trials, also has become entwined in the propaganda used to explain the U.S. post-9/11 torture and interrogation program, and alibi past crimes by the CIA and Department of Defense for years of illegal mind control programs practiced as part of MKULTRA, MKSEARCH, ARTICHOKE, and other programs.”

Dr Jeffrey S. Kaye

WASHINGTON June 28 2018 – The United States has confirmed that another US diplomat in Cuba has suffered health symptoms from an apparent sonic attack, State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert said in a press release on Thursday.

Professors Jonathan D Moreno and Sergio Litewka believe that this incident is just another example of a ‘mysterious disease’ used to stir tensions between countries. And to make their point, they suggest that the use of biological weapons by the US in the Korean war was a similar piece of disinformation. Allow me to disagree… Follow us on Twitter: @Intel_Today

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The number of Americans now affected by sonic attacks is 26, State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert said. The most recent case involving a US diplomat affected by the mysterious sounds occurred on June 21, she added.

“On June 28, following a comprehensive medical evaluation, one US diplomat working at US Embassy Havana was medically-confirmed to have experienced health effects similar to those reported by other members of the US Havana diplomatic community,” Heather Nauert stated.

This piece — Sonic attacks: How a medical mystery can sow distrust in foreign governments by professors Jonathan D Moreno and Sergio Litewka — is truly disturbing. I plan to respond regarding the Havana syndrome as soon as possible.

As I told you before, Mark Zaid, a US lawyer who specializes in national security cases, has been hired by eight of the victims. Zaid believes that these US diplomats have been injured by microwave weapons.  The NSA has revealed to him —  in an unclassified setting — that a foreign power has used a microwave weapon against people.

But today, I would like to point out a truly perverse statement made by these authors. Near the end of their article, these professors of ethics appear to make fun of the people who believe that the US used Biological Weapons during the Korean war.

“Leaders have long been willing to exploit suspicions of dishonorable war mongering, especially when it was indeed possible that their adversaries were using biological tactics to harm national interests and undermine morale.

Historically the principal examples were biological agents, often through crude means. George Washington suspected the British of unleashing smallpox on Boston during the Revolutionary War, helping to justify mass inoculation of his troops and fanning contempt for the crown.

During the Korean War, the Communist Chinese leaders Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai charged that the United States dropped bombs with fleas infected with Pasteurella pestis, the bacteria that transmit the bubonic plague.”

Published in Japan in 2001, the book Rikugun Noborito Kenkyujo no shinjitsu — The Truth About the Army Noborito Institute — revealed that members of a covert section of the Imperial Japanese Army that took part in biological warfare during World War II also worked for the “chemical section” of a U.S. clandestine unit hidden within Yokosuka Naval Base during the Korean War as well as on projects inside the United States from 1955 to 1959.

“The United States and Biological Warfare: Secrets of the Early Cold War and Korea” — written by Stephen Endicott and Edward Hagerman — provides an in-depth analysis of the U.S. military use — and coverup — of  biological weapons against the Korean and Chinese people during the Korean War of 1950-53.

Endicott and Hagerman conducted extensive archival research and interviews with Chinese, U.S., Canadian, Japanese, and British officials and civilians. They were the firsts to gain access to declassified U.S. records regarding the Korean War.

Endicott and Hagerman concluded that the U.S. Military had employed biological weapons whose use was banned by the 1925 Geneva Protocol.

Professor Masataka Mori — a professor of history at Shizuoka University in Japan, who has studied the activities for Unit 731 for many years — believes that a new investigation should be carried out and that it is time the US, China and both North and South Korea open up their archives and provide unfettered access to their documents.

“The use of germ weapons in war is a breach of the Geneva Convention and I think that is why they are refusing to admit the allegations.

The criterion for my judgment is not whether North Korea’s claim is correct or the American claim is right; the criterion is whether the incidents actually happened or not.

I went to North Korea and met people who had suffered the effects of germ warfare. They told me their stories, shedding tears and grimacing with anger. They told me what actually happened and I cannot question that.”

Furthermore, as I have explained elsewhere, I believe that Frank Olson knew that the US Military had used biological weapons in the Korean war. I suspect that Frank Olson could prove it and he was about to reveal the truth. Therefore, the US government had “no choice” but to silence him in order to avoid a major international crisis.

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The following story — written by Wayne Madsen in December 2017 — is a good introduction to the subject.

US Germ Warfare Apology to North Korea Could Advance Dialogue

With mounting evidence that the US conducted germ warfare operations against North Korea during the Korean conflict, a US apology to the North Korean people could go a long way toward bringing Washington and Pyongyang into a dialogue over North Korea’s nuclear weapons and intercontinental ballistic missile programs. During the Korean War, there were substantive charges from the international community that the United States used chemical and biological weapons (CBW) on the Korean peninsula.

A formerly Secret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) memorandum, dated July 7, 1953, from Horace S. (“Pete”) Craig to CIA director Allen Dulles, discussed a proposal to use the findings of the US Psychological Strategy Board (PSB) to counter efforts by the international community to investigate charges of US CBW use in Korea. A formerly Secret “Memorandum of Conversation” issued by the US State Department and dated July 6, 1953 outlines a plan to dissemble a report issued by the International Scientific Commission (ISC) that concluded the United States was using biological weapons in Korea. Although the State Department memo admitted that the scientists who signed the ISC report were “highly competent people” and that their “handiwork” was “difficult to attack,” a team of State Department, CIA, and Pentagon officials, backed by US ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, President Dwight Eisenhower’s psychological warfare adviser C. D. Jackson, and Allen Dulles, set out to discredit the ISC report.

Colonel Arthur Long, the Pentagon’s representative on the PSB team and the Army’s chief epidemiologist called the ISC report a “fabrication” based on “evidence” that could not be “demolished” by the United States. In other words, the ISC report was based on facts that were uncomfortable for the CIA and the US foreign policy and military establishments. Because the ISC had substantially proven that the US was using biological weaponry in Korea, the US sought to discredit the report without criticizing the international team of reputable scientists who participated in the ISC study.

The PSB arranged for the intelligence community-linked National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to appoint a committee led by Dr. Detlev Bronk to punch holes in the ISC report. Bronk, a biophysicist, was president of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York and a person who was no stranger to the CIA’s and Pentagon’s secret biological weapons programs conducted under such CIA programs as MK-ULTRA, MK-NAOMI, and MK-DELTA. Bronk actually expressed some displeasure over the NAS’s reliance on Colonel Long’s “findings” about the use of BW in Korea. These findings were circulated by the NAS among the international scientific community for review. However, Bronk ensured that Long’s conclusions were given a “low-key” treatment by the NAS.

The CIA’s and PSB’s goal was to arrange for a group of international scientists to challenge the ISC report before the U.N. General Assembly. The British Foreign Office rejected a US State Department proposal for Britain to lead off the condemnation of the ISC report. London was opposed to a proposal for leading British scientists to join the NAS in calling the ISC report baseless and without merit.

All the PSB and State could muster from Britain was a commissioned report written not by a scientist, but by John Clews, a reporter for the Birmingham Post of England. The report’s foreword was written by the head of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. The United States moved to have the 7th General Assembly of the UN condemn the ISC report in a resolution. Only around 20 UN member states supported the resolution to condemn the ISC report. Opposed to the resolution was Britain and an “Arab-Asian bloc.”

The State Department referred to those who supported the ISC report as “Commie liners.” These included Communist Party newspapers in Italy and France. The CIA considered using University of Pennsylvania philosophy professor Dr. Conway Zirkle, author of the book “Soviet Science,” to lead an academic refutation of the ISC report’s findings.

The United States argued before the UN and the international scientific community for “on-the-spot” investigations of sites in Korea for evidence of US BW use. This was ultimately rejected because such investigations might result in the disclosure of US 8th Army “preparations or operations (e.g. chemical warfare), which, if revealed, could do us psychological as well as military damage.” This statement admits that, at the very least, the US was employing chemical weapons in Korea. Furthermore, the ISC report expanded the US weaponry used in Korea to BW.

There is ample evidence that the United States employed the assistance of pardoned Japanese war criminals, including General/Dr. General Shiro Ishii and his assistants, who worked for the ultra-secret Japanese Unit 731, the World War II-era biological warfare research entity in deploying BW against North Korea. Ishii paid at least three visits to South Korea in 1952 courtesy of the US Far Eastern Command. Given the history of Japanese-Korean relations, use of Japanese war criminals to support a BW campaign against North Koreans and Chinese military personnel was inexcusable in the eyes of the North.

The ISC report discovered the presence of several insects in North Korea that were “hitherto unknown.” These included certain types of flies, spiders, fleas, beetles, crickets, mosquitoes, and other insects. Moreover, these invasive species were found in very unlikely places, including on snow, ice-covered rivers, and on stones. Most of the insects examined by ISC scientists were found to be infected with Vibrio cholera, pasteurella pestis, Eberthelss typhosa, Bacillus paratyphi A and B, Rickettsis prowazekii, and shingella dysenteriae. These and other contagion were stockpiled by the Pentagon and CIA at the US Biological Warfare Laboratories at Camp Detrick (now Fort Detrick) in Maryland.

In many places in North Korea that experienced a sudden infestation of invasive insect species, eyewitnesses reported the presence of low-flying aircraft that refrained from dropping bombs or laying down machine gun fire, an unusual circumstance during the Korean conflict. Plague soon broke out in regions where the insects, some only found in tropical environments, were discovered in clumps in sub-freezing temperatures. The ISC discovered that canisters with English markings were discovered near areas where the insects had been found.

In addition to evidence of US BW use, ISC examiners discovered villages subjected to chlorine gas attacks. North Korean civilians suffered from symptoms of chemical weapons attacks. In addition, various crops were destroyed as the result of CW use.

The ISC report, criticized by the PSB and the CIA as a fabrication with valid supporting evidence, concluded: “American Forces in Korea have in their possession chemical weapons of various kinds and that these have been used on many occasions against the civilian population, causing numerous casualties.”

The United States violated The Hague Convention of 1907 concerning the laws of land warfare and the Geneva Protocol of 1925 concerning bacteriological warfare during the Korean War. To further dialogue with the North Korean government that is pursuing the means to join the “nuclear club” to deter external aggression, a formal US apology to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea would go a long way to lay the groundwork for a serious diplomatic dialogue to bring the DPRK into the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty framework. However, considering the jingoistic behavior of the Trump administration, such a solution appears fruitless.

REFERENCES

The Grim Conclusions of the Largest-Ever Study of Fake News — The Atlantic

US Germ Warfare Apology to North Korea Could Advance Dialogue — Strategic Culture

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Fake News & History in the Post-Truth Era — From the Korean War To The Havana Syndrome

 

This entry was posted in Biological weapons, Disinformation, Fake News and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Fake News & History in the Post-Truth Era — From the Korean War To The Havana Syndrome

  1. Pingback: A Wake-up Call | nweech's Blog

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